Mosquitoes are insects found all over the United States and are known to bite humans and animals. These bites produce a red whelp that itches and stings. Female mosquitoes cannot produce eggs unless they feed on blood. Aside from being itchy and irritating, mosquitoes can spread diseases through their bites. For example, cases of malaria, encephalitis and dengue fever have been reported in the U.S. as a result of mosquito bites.
There are many different species of mosquitoes, but most are similar in appearance with slim bodies, wings and long legs. Once female mosquitoes feed on blood they lay their eggs in moist areas such as soil, damp containers or on the surface of water found in lakes or ponds. Standing water is another place mosquitoes lay their eggs. After hatching, the larvae finds its way to the water’s surface where they can breath. After a few days, the pupae forms which eventually turns into an adult mosquito.
Water plays a vital role in mosquito breeding and population. These pests must have access to water to reproduce. Permanent standing water sources such as lakes, ponds and swamps provide the perfect environment for mosquito reproduction. Around the home, mosquitoes gravitate toward clogged drainage ditches, bird baths and planters filled with water. When not in use, swimming pools also give mosquitoes a place to lay their eggs.
When mosquitoes are abundant, especially in the summertime, many homeowners cannot go outside their homes comfortably without being bitten. These insects can often fly indoors through open doors and damaged window screens. Since mosquitoes carry diseases, it is important to reduce large populations to something more manageable. These insects can also spread diseases to your pets, like heartworms, which can be fatal if left untreated. Encephalitis is a disease that is characterized by inflammation of the brain. Horses, birds and humans are often infected through mosquito bites. In countries where mosquitoes are abundant, malaria can become an epidemic, though cases of malaria from mosquito bites in the U.S. are significantly more rare. The mosquitoes that carry malaria are aggressive and bite humans, as well as horses, cattle, dogs and other pets and livestock.
If mosquitoes are problematic around your home, there are a few things homeowners can do. Eliminate any areas of standing water around your home such as buckets filled with rainwater, ceramic flower pots and baths. Remove any water left standing around your home after periods of rain. Keep the gutters on your home free from leaf litter that could cause a clog. Examine areas around your home for clogged drain pipes and notify the appropriate people for repair. Tighten outdoor faucets so water does not drip from them and collect near your home. While these things will help reduce mosquito breeding, it may be necessary to wear a mosquito repellent when outdoors until infestations are reduced. Products containing DEET typically work best, but heavy wear of these products can pose some health risks. Burning citronella candles outdoors can also help keep mosquitoes away while your family is outside.
If the mosquito population near your home is especially heavy, professional extermination treatment may be necessary. Adulticides are chemicals that are used to kill mosquitoes in the adult form. Permethrin and malathion are common ingredients in these products. Larvacides are often used to kill mosquitoes before they pupate into adult mosquitoes. While these substances kill mosquito larvae, they are applied in such a way that they should not harm fish, animals or contaminate any water source. Bugs by Brian Pest Control takes every measure to treat only target organisms, and never to put your family or pets at risk.Call Bugs by Brian® today to exterminate mosquitoes in your home or business.